Organza fabrics are types of fabrics that are thin, sheer and plain weaved. Originally these fabrics were made exclusively of silk. However, they are now more commonly made of synthetic fibers such as rayon, polyester and acetate. In some instances, silk is mixed with any one of the synthetic fibers to make semi-synthetic organza fabric.
The highest quality silk organza fabrics are still made in France and Italy, while lower quality silk organza fabrics are made in India and China. Pure silk organza fabric is relatively expensive and this is why synthetic and semi-synthetic organza fabrics are quite popular. Synthetic organza fabric has similar characteristics of silk organza.
The filaments used to make organza fabric are weaved loosely in plain weave. This is so as to achieve the translucent look that is characteristic of organza fabrics. Some fabrics are weaved very loosely to achieve sheer looking fabric.
The weaving style used to create organza fabrics also results in a crisp and stiff fabric. Even though the fabric is crisp, it is quite smooth and is not abrasive on the skin. The fabric is also easy to cut and sew. Organza fabrics take very well to dyeing and it best suits strong bright colors.
The characteristics of organza fabric make it very suitable for bridal wear, evening wear, cocktail dresses and other articles of female clothing such as skirts, dresses, handkerchiefs and undergarments such as petticoats. Gift bags for jewelry or favors are also sometimes made of organza fabrics.
Organza fabric is many times used in interior decorating. It is used to make tablecloths, napkins, curtains and sheers. When used to make sheer curtains, the organza fabric is mostly left in its natural white color or given a light color rinse.
Despite its delicate and expensive look, organza fabric is quite hardy and durable. The care necessary will depend on the type of organza fabric you have. Pure silk organza will need better care than synthetic organza as the fibers are delicate. Silk organza fabrics are prone to shrinkage and therefore should be hand washed in warm water with a gentle detergent. The fabrics should be thoroughly rinsed in cool water to completely remove any soap remnants.
It is a good idea to add a bit of white vinegar in the rinse water. The vinegar helps keep organza fabrics natural sheen as well as neutralize soap. The fabric should then be rinsed in water again to get rid of the vinegar.
Synthetic organza fabrics can be machine washed in warm water. A gentle detergent should be used and the washing machine should be set at gentle cycle. They can also be dried in a dryer. Both silk and synthetic organza fabrics should be ironed at medium low to avoid scorching them.