Saxony fabric is a type of wool fabric. The name Saxony is derived from the fact that this type of wool was initially made in Saxony, a town in Germany, from sheep that were specifically raised for wool. The sheep raised in this part of the world were merino sheep. Merino sheep were originally from Spain but were transferred to other parts of the world including Germany and France. In Germany, these Merino sheep came to be known as Saxony Merino.
Nowadays, this type of wool fabric is made in other parts of the world such as Australia, the United States, France and South Africa, but still from the wool of Merino sheep. This therefore means that when used, the term ‘Saxony’ does not refer to wool from a particular area but more so wool from the Merino sheep. It is also used to refer to worsted woolen fabric.
Saxony fabric is a fine, very high quality fabric. The fabric is soft to the touch and medium weight. This is because the Merino sheep are as a matter of course well taken care of. The end result is wool that is very fine, very soft and elastic. The fiber of this fabric has many serrations and is therefore has good felting abilities. This type of wool is very high quality and is therefore quite expensive.
The pile of the Saxony fabric is short and quite often conceals the weave of the fabric. This fabric is woven using finely carded yarns weaved in a reversible crepe.
Saxony fabric is used to make fine dress fabrics, men’s suits, sports jackets, ladies suits, scarves and carpets. When used to make carpets, the Saxony fabric is made in such a way that it is dense and consistent. This look is achieved by cutting the loops of the fibers and twisting them. The yarns are then set using heat. The end result is a carpet that is very smooth, plush and dense enough to withstand traffic. Carpets made from Saxony fabric are most used in very formal settings and are of the expensive variety.
Saxony fabric has a number of advantages including being fine and soft to the touch. It drapes very well and is quiet affective in absorbing moisture and resisting wrinkles. It is also durable and resilient. However, just like any other type of wool fabric, Saxony fabric should be well taken care of. One way of doing this is to read the care instructions that are attached to the garment. These instructions will include how the garment is to be washed (or dry cleaned), if bleach can be applied and the ironing temperature. If not well taken care of during washing, the fabric will shrink.